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CCSD59.org
CCSD59 Understandings
Understandings
District MissionMisión del Distrito
Preparing Students to be Successful for LifePreparando a los estudiantes para tener éxito para la vida
OverviewVisión de Conjunto

Implementing our district mission means equipping each child with the skills necessary to thrive in the modern world. Understandings are statements that describe the broad and transferable concepts that we want students to know and understand within a subject area.

Implementar la misión de nuestro distrito significa equipar a cada niño(a) con las habilidades necesarias para prosperar en el mundo moderno. Los entendimientos son declaraciones que describen los conceptos generales y transferibles que queremos que los estudiantes sepan y comprendan dentro de un área temática.

Understanding
Social Science - Time, Continuity & Change
Definition
Various characteristics of people, beliefs, and institutions change over time while others remain the same.
Pre K-23-56-8

In various ways, life in the past is different than life today

Changes over time impact our present and future

Perspectives on historical events change over time

There is a chronological sequence to the events of the past

Cultures and institutions are influenced by the events of their past

Events of the past often have connections to other historical events

There are people and events in the past that shaped the present and future

Historical events and relationships often have a cause and effect

Society and historical contexts influence how people, beliefs, and institutions remain consistent or change over time

 

People, beliefs, and institutions can remain consistent over time

The modern world is built upon the events and interactions of the past

Understanding
Social Science - People, Places and the Environment
Definition
Relationships exist between human beings and their environment.
Pre K-23-56-8

Locations have unique cultural and environmental characteristics

Environmental characteristics change over time

Geography affects economic and political decisions

Human activities affect the environment

Humans and the environment affect one another

Economic and political decisions affect the availability of natural resources

Where we live influences how we live

Geographic representations (maps, globes, photos, satellite images, etc.) can be used to show relationships between people and places

Analyzing geographic representations (maps, globes, photos, satellite images, etc.) can help understand how spatial relationships affect people and the environment

Understanding
Social Science - Power, Authority & Governance
Definition
People and societies are impacted and influenced by power, authority, and governance
Pre K-23-56-8

Groups have people in authority

Societies require rules, laws and government to function

Power can be misused or abused

People in authority make rules for reasons

Governments have purposes, functions, and limitations

Limitations of government (party system)

Rules and laws protect us

There are different forms of government

There are ways to counteract authority in positive or negative ways (myriad)

 

Different views of power can lead to conflict

Government can be functional and dysfunctional

 

Authority can be viewed differently by individuals or groups

Individuals are motivated to be in authority for different reasons

 

Revolution occurs when the will of the people differs from those in authority

 
Understanding
Social Science - Science, Technology, and Innovation
Definition
Advances in science and technology lead to innovations that shape people and societies
Pre K-23-56-8

People use science and technology in their daily lives

People and society are impacted both negatively and positively by innovation and change

Exploring the historical relationship between science, technology and innovation provides important insight about a society

New ideas lead to changes in the world

New ideas are shaped by the ideas of others and the past

Innovation can be beneficial as well as disruptive and challenging for a society

 

There are catalysts that prompt innovation

Advances in science and technology have broad ranging implications for a society

Understanding
Social Science - Individual Development and Cultural Identity
Definition
Cultures shape one's personal identity
Pre K-23-56-8

All individuals are part of different cultures (ethnicity, social groups, religion, family, school, etc.)

A person’s perspective is influenced by culture

Cultural differences can both unite and divide people

Different cultures have similarities and differences

Culture plays an important role in shaping personal identity

Institutions and society play an important role in shaping personal identity

Family and peers influence personal identity

Cultural differences have value and importance

Personal and cultural identity evolve and change

Understanding
Social Science - Development, Movement, and Interaction
Definition
Societies are developed and transformed by the movement and interaction of people and ideas
Pre K-23-56-8

Ideas originate in certain places or with certain individuals

Ideas are continually shared and built upon

The movement and sharing of ideas can lead to change and conflict

People can belong to various groups

Views on the role and function of social structures are shaped by location and culture

Individual perception of social structures can be transformed

People move for a variety of reasons

The movement of people can be voluntary or involuntary

Some movement of people can be prompted by conflict and injustice

Understanding
Social Science - Economic Systems and Behavior
Definition
Economic systems and behavior affect the well-being of people and societies
Pre K-23-56-8

People make economic choices that have benefits and costs

Incentives drive behavior

Incentives influence personal choices and societal policies

Goods and services are an important part of an economy

There are a variety of resources (human capital, physical capital, and natural resources) that are used to produce goods and services

Competition, buyers, and sellers impact prices and wages in an economy

People in one country trade goods and services with people from other countries

Trade leads to increased interaction and dependency between nations and regions

Barriers influence trade and policies among nations

People earn income to provide for wants and needs

Scarcity impacts decision making

Changes in supply and demand cause changes in an economy

 

Financial institutions play a role in an economy

Innovation and entrepreneurship play an important role in an economy

Understanding
Social Science - Civic Rights and Responsibilities
Definition
Members of a democracy have rights and responsibilities
Pre K-23-56-8

People’s actions can affect their environment

Democracies have structures that protect rights and promote the common good

The principles of the founding documents influence society

People have rights that are important to protect

Certain rights are protected by the Constitution

It is the responsibility of leaders to act in an ethical manner

People work together to make decisions

Citizens in a democracy have power and influence

The voting and electoral process provides opportunities and limitations

Individuals can take meaningful civic action

The media influences decision making

People interpret the Constitution in different ways

Civic ideals are practices at home, in school, and in our world

Democracy requires active, informed, and responsible participation

Political parties, interest groups, and media can influence the democratic process

Patriotism unites the nation and reflects pride and identity

Individuals can play a role in making improvements and solving problems

Informed and responsible citizens can play a role in making improvements and solving problems

 

Patriotism can be demonstrated in words, symbols, and actions

Patriotism can have both positive and negative consequences

Understanding
Science - Patterns
Definition
Observed patterns in nature guide and prompt questions about relationships
Pre K-23-56-8

There are patterns all around us. (examples: nature, designs, classroom environment, life cycles, sun comes up in the day and moon in the night, dark clouds for rain, leaves fall off the trees and flowers grow each spring, shadows and sun, rings on trees,etc.)

Scientists investigate changes in patterns that are observed over time. (examples: Sea levels, flooding in coastal areas, erosion, sun-earth-moon patterns, patterns in changes in animal behavior and habitat, nocturnal, animal formations)

Patterns are related to the natural world both macroscopically (patterns in the solar system/weather) and microscopically (organisms, genetics).

Scientists carefully observe to discover patterns, describe events, and make predictions.

Similarities and differences in patterns can be used to sort, classify, communicate and analyze

Patterns in data can provide information about systems.

Scientists often use patterns as evidence of change.

Patterns of change can be used to make predictions and can be used to support an explanation.

(examples: Seed germination, what if you manipulate or change pattern – what will happen?)

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

Understanding
Science - Cause and effect
Definition
Events have causes that can be simple or complex
Pre K-23-56-8

Events have causes that generate observable patterns.

Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change.

Events may have more than one cause and/or effect, and some cause and effect relationships in systems can be described using probability.

Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute student ideas about causes. (examples: magnets, literature connections, behavior choices, weather, simple machines, pushing a car off of a tall ramp vs a short ramp, jumping from a high area vs low area-getting hurt)

Scientists develop explanations for the events they observe, if a change occurs.

Cause and effect relationships can predict or explain future events.

  

Not every event is cause and effect, some can be correlational.

Understanding
Science - Scale, proportion, quantity
Definition
Recognize proportional relationships between different quantities as scales change.
Pre K-23-56-8

Scientists use quantitative concepts to describe, compare, and order objects or events (e.g., bigger and smaller; hotter and colder; faster and slower).

Natural objects and events are measureable and their

changes can be recorded over short or long periods of time.

Develop an understanding of estimation across scales and contexts.

In PreK-1st grade, nonstandard units are used to measure.

Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities such as mass, weight, time, temperature, and volume.

Ask if numerical results are reasonable.

At 2nd grade, standard units are used to measure.

Scale can be modeled in multiple ways

Scale, proportion, and quantity affect observations.

  

Scale, proportion, and quantity are measured in metric units in Science.

  

Events can be observed on various scales using models to study systems that are too large or too small

Understanding
Science - System & system models
Definition
A system is an organized group of related objects or components; models can be used for understanding and predicting the behavior of systems.
Pre K-23-56-8

Systems have parts that work together. (ex. Senses, human body, community)

A system is a group of related parts that make up a whole and can carry out functions its individual parts cannot.

Parts of the system are related to the entire system.

Scientists understand that objects and organisms can be described in terms of their parts. (example: Body parts, Insects, plants)

Scientists understand

that each of these small parts has a specific function within the entire system.

System may interact with other systems.

  

Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions.

Understanding
Science - Flows, Cycles, and Conservation
Definition
A system is an organized group of related objects or components; models can be used for understanding and predicting the behavior of systems.
Pre K-23-56-8

Scientists observe that objects may break into smaller pieces, be put back together into larger pieces, or change shape.

(examples: put together shapes to create new shapes, compose and decompose numbers, seeds into plants, life cycles, water cycle)

Matter is made of particles. Both matter and energy can be transferred.

Matter is transported into, out of, and within systems.

 

Scientists find evidence of energy in light, sound, heat and motion.

Changes of energy and matter in a system can be described in terms of energy and matter flows into, out of, and within the system.

 

Matter is transported into, out of, and within systems. Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects.

Energy drives the cycling of matter within and between systems.

Understanding
Science - Structure and Function
Definition
The way an object is shaped or structured determines many of its properties and functions.
Pre K-23-56-8

Scientists understand that the parts of a structure perform a specific function. If a structure is unstable, it will not be able to perform its function. (ex: block towers falling over, Jenga, coats not hanging up without coat “hook”)

Every structure is made up of parts that perform a specific function, which can sometimes be observed.

Structures / systems can be analyzed to determine how they function.

 

Substructures have shapes and parts that serve functions.

Structures can be designed to serve particular functions.

 

Scientists recognize how these structures work by

examining, in detail, what they are made of and how they are shaped.

Engineers apply these understandings to design.

Understanding
Science - Stability & Change
Definition
For both designed and natural systems, conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change are critical elements to consider and understand.
Pre K-23-56-8

Some things stay the same while other things change. (ex. Daily schedule, seasons, weather changes throughout the day

Scientists observe that stability and change are related

Small changes in one part of a system might cause large changes in another part.

Things may change slowly or rapidly. (ex. How the wind and rain formed the Grand Canyon)

Scientists understand through gathering evidence that some systems appear stable, but over periods of time may change.

Stability might be disturbed either by sudden events or gradual changes that accumulates over time.

 

Scientists measure change in terms of differences over time, which may occur at different rates.

 
Understanding
Physical Education - Movement
Definition
There is a relationship between awareness and performance through movement
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are a variety of movements.

Different types of movements have varied results.

Some movements are more appropriate in certain situations.

There are different types of space.

Activities require different amounts of space.

Spatial awareness can be used as an advantage in performance.

Understanding
Physical Education - Motor Skills
Definition
Foundational motor skills are essential for success in movement
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are a variety of motor skills.

Motor skills can be combined to make movement patterns

Efficient execution of motor skills leads to successful performance.

Technique is important and a process.

Technique is practiced.

Technique is applied to game play.

Understanding
Physical Education - Choices
Definition
Responsible choices contribute to a healthy, active lifestyle
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are healthy and unhealthy choices.

Choices have results.

Choices lead to lifelong habits.

Understanding
Physical Education - Behaviors
Definition
Behaviors can affect self and others
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are appropriate and inappropriate behaviors.

Behaviors affect self.

Self-talk can affect the outcome of the situation.

 

Behavior influences others.

Behavior is contagious.

Understanding
Physical Education - Strategies
Definition
Developing successful strategies are important for accomplishing a desired goal/outcome.
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are a variety of strategies.

Strategies can impact success.

Strategies can transfer.

Understanding
Physical Education - Physical Activity
Definition
Regular participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity will help lead to lifelong health.
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

Physical activity is important for lifelong health.

There are various ways to incorporate physical activity in life.

Heart rate can be used to monitor and adjust level of exertion.

There are different types of activities.

Muscles allow movement.

Muscles have purposes that enable movement.

Fitness has multiple components.

The components of fitness can be incorporated into daily physical activities.

A balanced physical activity routine includes all components of fitness.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Elements of the arts
Definition
Understand that elements are foundational to the arts.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

The arts use a specific set of elements.

An artistic work is a combination of elements.

Use of elements can convey meaning in an artistic work.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Technique
Definition
Understand how specific techniques impact the process and product of artistic creation.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

The arts use specific skills and techniques.

Skills and techniques are improved through practice and affect the final outcome.

Skills and techniques can be modified to meet specific needs.

 

Skills and techniques increase in difficulty and complexity.

Skill and technique choices are justified by artistic purpose and intent.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Composition
Definition
Understand how various elements can be used to create an array of artistic works.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

Elements are put together to create an artistic work.

Combining elements through purposeful choice or chance changes the outcome.

Established artistic works can be dissected into component parts.

  

Interpretation can be influenced by purposeful choices in the composition.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Craftsmanship
Definition
Understand how quality and effort affect an artistic work.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

There are different levels of quality.

The amount of effort you put forth is going to affect the quality.

Self evaluation, practice, and collaborative relationships improve overall quality.

Quality can be improved.

  
Understanding
Fine Arts - Innovation
Definition
Understand art as a catalyst, reflection, and progression of changing thoughts and ideas.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

Art changes.

Art is changed by its environment.

Art changes society but society also changes art.

Art is a process.

Artists’ processes change.

Artists can make independent decisions that affect the outcome.

Art is different for everyone.

There are different means to an end.

 
Understanding
Fine Arts - Consumers in our Artistic World
Definition
Understand the influence and presence art has in their daily lives.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

We are surrounded by art.

We are influenced by the art that surrounds us.

Art can inform, influence, and change people’s thoughts and ideas.

Art is a form of communication.

The audience and artist can view the purpose of art differently.

 

Art has many purposes.

  
Understanding
Math - Consumer Math
Definition
Critical consumers apply the value of number systems to make informed choices
Pre K-23-56-8

I am a consumer

I am a consumer within an economy

I am a critical consumer within an economy

Money is used to buy needs or wants

Money has different values and can be exchanged for goods and/or services

Factors such as interest and savings impact financial status

Money has different values and can be exchanged for goods and/or services

A budget is a strategy to manage money

Resources are finite and impact costs

Money is not unlimited

  
Understanding
Math - Environmental Understanding
Definition
The environment is understood and described through measurement and spatial relationships
Pre K-23-56-8

Measurements are used to describe surroundings

Measurements are used to describe our surroundings, make decisions, and/or solve problems

Complex measurements are evaluated and compared within our world

Shapes make-up our environment

Recognizing when different levels of precision are needed

Appropriate levels of precision are used to define our world

Time is relevant to situations

  
Understanding
Math - Patterns
Definition
Patterns exhibit relationships that are extended, described, and generalized
Pre K-23-56-8

Patterns repeat and are extended

Patterns are extended or diminished

Patterns are extended, diminished, or altered to determine unknowns

Patterns are found in many forms

Patterns help us solve new problems

Patterns are used to identify relationships

 

Patterns are generalized

Patterns are generalized

Understanding
Math - Relationships
Definition
Mathematical relationships are represented, compared, and communicated
Pre K-23-56-8

Relationships exist between two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships exist between two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships exist between two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships are a comparison of two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships are a comparison of two or more objects and/or quantities expressing equality/ inequality

Relationships are a comparison of two or more objects and/or quantities expressing equality/ inequality

Relationships are communicated

Relationships exhibit unique characteristics that are communicated in a variety of ways

Relationships exhibit unique characteristics that are communicated in multiple ways

Understanding
Math - Uncertainty
Definition
Imperfect and unknown information lead to discovery and inquiry
Pre K-23-56-8

Predictions are made based on information

Outcomes are based on available or unknown information

Outcomes and alternatives are used to make informed decisions

Situations are fair or unfair

The likelihood of an event is quantified to determine fairness

The likelihood of multiple events is quantified to determine predictability

Data are collected and organized in order to draw conclusions

Multiple representations are used to expound on data

Multiple representations of data are used to analyze correlation

Understanding
Social Science - Time, Continuity & Change
Definition
Various characteristics of people, beliefs, and institutions change over time while others remain the same.
Pre K-23-56-8

In various ways, life in the past is different than life today

Changes over time impact our present and future

Perspectives on historical events change over time

There is a chronological sequence to the events of the past

Cultures and institutions are influenced by the events of their past

Events of the past often have connections to other historical events

There are people and events in the past that shaped the present and future

Historical events and relationships often have a cause and effect

Society and historical contexts influence how people, beliefs, and institutions remain consistent or change over time

 

People, beliefs, and institutions can remain consistent over time

The modern world is built upon the events and interactions of the past

Understanding
Social Science - People, Places and the Environment
Definition
Relationships exist between human beings and their environment.
Pre K-23-56-8

Locations have unique cultural and environmental characteristics

Environmental characteristics change over time

Geography affects economic and political decisions

Human activities affect the environment

Humans and the environment affect one another

Economic and political decisions affect the availability of natural resources

Where we live influences how we live

Geographic representations (maps, globes, photos, satellite images, etc.) can be used to show relationships between people and places

Analyzing geographic representations (maps, globes, photos, satellite images, etc.) can help understand how spatial relationships affect people and the environment

Understanding
Social Science - Power, Authority & Governance
Definition
People and societies are impacted and influenced by power, authority, and governance
Pre K-23-56-8

Groups have people in authority

Societies require rules, laws and government to function

Power can be misused or abused

People in authority make rules for reasons

Governments have purposes, functions, and limitations

Limitations of government (party system)

Rules and laws protect us

There are different forms of government

There are ways to counteract authority in positive or negative ways (myriad)

 

Different views of power can lead to conflict

Government can be functional and dysfunctional

 

Authority can be viewed differently by individuals or groups

Individuals are motivated to be in authority for different reasons

 

Revolution occurs when the will of the people differs from those in authority

 
Understanding
Social Science - Science, Technology, and Innovation
Definition
Advances in science and technology lead to innovations that shape people and societies
Pre K-23-56-8

People use science and technology in their daily lives

People and society are impacted both negatively and positively by innovation and change

Exploring the historical relationship between science, technology and innovation provides important insight about a society

New ideas lead to changes in the world

New ideas are shaped by the ideas of others and the past

Innovation can be beneficial as well as disruptive and challenging for a society

 

There are catalysts that prompt innovation

Advances in science and technology have broad ranging implications for a society

Understanding
Social Science - Individual Development and Cultural Identity
Definition
Cultures shape one's personal identity
Pre K-23-56-8

All individuals are part of different cultures (ethnicity, social groups, religion, family, school, etc.)

A person’s perspective is influenced by culture

Cultural differences can both unite and divide people

Different cultures have similarities and differences

Culture plays an important role in shaping personal identity

Institutions and society play an important role in shaping personal identity

Family and peers influence personal identity

Cultural differences have value and importance

Personal and cultural identity evolve and change

Understanding
Social Science - Development, Movement, and Interaction
Definition
Societies are developed and transformed by the movement and interaction of people and ideas
Pre K-23-56-8

Ideas originate in certain places or with certain individuals

Ideas are continually shared and built upon

The movement and sharing of ideas can lead to change and conflict

People can belong to various groups

Views on the role and function of social structures are shaped by location and culture

Individual perception of social structures can be transformed

People move for a variety of reasons

The movement of people can be voluntary or involuntary

Some movement of people can be prompted by conflict and injustice

Understanding
Social Science - Economic Systems and Behavior
Definition
Economic systems and behavior affect the well-being of people and societies
Pre K-23-56-8

People make economic choices that have benefits and costs

Incentives drive behavior

Incentives influence personal choices and societal policies

Goods and services are an important part of an economy

There are a variety of resources (human capital, physical capital, and natural resources) that are used to produce goods and services

Competition, buyers, and sellers impact prices and wages in an economy

People in one country trade goods and services with people from other countries

Trade leads to increased interaction and dependency between nations and regions

Barriers influence trade and policies among nations

People earn income to provide for wants and needs

Scarcity impacts decision making

Changes in supply and demand cause changes in an economy

 

Financial institutions play a role in an economy

Innovation and entrepreneurship play an important role in an economy

Understanding
Social Science - Civic Rights and Responsibilities
Definition
Members of a democracy have rights and responsibilities
Pre K-23-56-8

People’s actions can affect their environment

Democracies have structures that protect rights and promote the common good

The principles of the founding documents influence society

People have rights that are important to protect

Certain rights are protected by the Constitution

It is the responsibility of leaders to act in an ethical manner

People work together to make decisions

Citizens in a democracy have power and influence

The voting and electoral process provides opportunities and limitations

Individuals can take meaningful civic action

The media influences decision making

People interpret the Constitution in different ways

Civic ideals are practices at home, in school, and in our world

Democracy requires active, informed, and responsible participation

Political parties, interest groups, and media can influence the democratic process

Patriotism unites the nation and reflects pride and identity

Individuals can play a role in making improvements and solving problems

Informed and responsible citizens can play a role in making improvements and solving problems

 

Patriotism can be demonstrated in words, symbols, and actions

Patriotism can have both positive and negative consequences

Understanding
Science - Patterns
Definition
Observed patterns in nature guide and prompt questions about relationships
Pre K-23-56-8

There are patterns all around us. (examples: nature, designs, classroom environment, life cycles, sun comes up in the day and moon in the night, dark clouds for rain, leaves fall off the trees and flowers grow each spring, shadows and sun, rings on trees,etc.)

Scientists investigate changes in patterns that are observed over time. (examples: Sea levels, flooding in coastal areas, erosion, sun-earth-moon patterns, patterns in changes in animal behavior and habitat, nocturnal, animal formations)

Patterns are related to the natural world both macroscopically (patterns in the solar system/weather) and microscopically (organisms, genetics).

Scientists carefully observe to discover patterns, describe events, and make predictions.

Similarities and differences in patterns can be used to sort, classify, communicate and analyze

Patterns in data can provide information about systems.

Scientists often use patterns as evidence of change.

Patterns of change can be used to make predictions and can be used to support an explanation.

(examples: Seed germination, what if you manipulate or change pattern – what will happen?)

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

Understanding
Science - Cause and effect
Definition
Events have causes that can be simple or complex
Pre K-23-56-8

Events have causes that generate observable patterns.

Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change.

Events may have more than one cause and/or effect, and some cause and effect relationships in systems can be described using probability.

Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute student ideas about causes. (examples: magnets, literature connections, behavior choices, weather, simple machines, pushing a car off of a tall ramp vs a short ramp, jumping from a high area vs low area-getting hurt)

Scientists develop explanations for the events they observe, if a change occurs.

Cause and effect relationships can predict or explain future events.

  

Not every event is cause and effect, some can be correlational.

Understanding
Science - Scale, proportion, quantity
Definition
Recognize proportional relationships between different quantities as scales change.
Pre K-23-56-8

Scientists use quantitative concepts to describe, compare, and order objects or events (e.g., bigger and smaller; hotter and colder; faster and slower).

Natural objects and events are measureable and their

changes can be recorded over short or long periods of time.

Develop an understanding of estimation across scales and contexts.

In PreK-1st grade, nonstandard units are used to measure.

Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities such as mass, weight, time, temperature, and volume.

Ask if numerical results are reasonable.

At 2nd grade, standard units are used to measure.

Scale can be modeled in multiple ways

Scale, proportion, and quantity affect observations.

  

Scale, proportion, and quantity are measured in metric units in Science.

  

Events can be observed on various scales using models to study systems that are too large or too small

Understanding
Science - System & system models
Definition
A system is an organized group of related objects or components; models can be used for understanding and predicting the behavior of systems.
Pre K-23-56-8

Systems have parts that work together. (ex. Senses, human body, community)

A system is a group of related parts that make up a whole and can carry out functions its individual parts cannot.

Parts of the system are related to the entire system.

Scientists understand that objects and organisms can be described in terms of their parts. (example: Body parts, Insects, plants)

Scientists understand

that each of these small parts has a specific function within the entire system.

System may interact with other systems.

  

Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions.

Understanding
Science - Flows, Cycles, and Conservation
Definition
A system is an organized group of related objects or components; models can be used for understanding and predicting the behavior of systems.
Pre K-23-56-8

Scientists observe that objects may break into smaller pieces, be put back together into larger pieces, or change shape.

(examples: put together shapes to create new shapes, compose and decompose numbers, seeds into plants, life cycles, water cycle)

Matter is made of particles. Both matter and energy can be transferred.

Matter is transported into, out of, and within systems.

 

Scientists find evidence of energy in light, sound, heat and motion.

Changes of energy and matter in a system can be described in terms of energy and matter flows into, out of, and within the system.

 

Matter is transported into, out of, and within systems. Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects.

Energy drives the cycling of matter within and between systems.

Understanding
Science - Structure and Function
Definition
The way an object is shaped or structured determines many of its properties and functions.
Pre K-23-56-8

Scientists understand that the parts of a structure perform a specific function. If a structure is unstable, it will not be able to perform its function. (ex: block towers falling over, Jenga, coats not hanging up without coat “hook”)

Every structure is made up of parts that perform a specific function, which can sometimes be observed.

Structures / systems can be analyzed to determine how they function.

 

Substructures have shapes and parts that serve functions.

Structures can be designed to serve particular functions.

 

Scientists recognize how these structures work by

examining, in detail, what they are made of and how they are shaped.

Engineers apply these understandings to design.

Understanding
Science - Stability & Change
Definition
For both designed and natural systems, conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change are critical elements to consider and understand.
Pre K-23-56-8

Some things stay the same while other things change. (ex. Daily schedule, seasons, weather changes throughout the day

Scientists observe that stability and change are related

Small changes in one part of a system might cause large changes in another part.

Things may change slowly or rapidly. (ex. How the wind and rain formed the Grand Canyon)

Scientists understand through gathering evidence that some systems appear stable, but over periods of time may change.

Stability might be disturbed either by sudden events or gradual changes that accumulates over time.

 

Scientists measure change in terms of differences over time, which may occur at different rates.

 
Understanding
Physical Education - Movement
Definition
There is a relationship between awareness and performance through movement
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are a variety of movements.

Different types of movements have varied results.

Some movements are more appropriate in certain situations.

There are different types of space.

Activities require different amounts of space.

Spatial awareness can be used as an advantage in performance.

Understanding
Physical Education - Motor Skills
Definition
Foundational motor skills are essential for success in movement
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are a variety of motor skills.

Motor skills can be combined to make movement patterns

Efficient execution of motor skills leads to successful performance.

Technique is important and a process.

Technique is practiced.

Technique is applied to game play.

Understanding
Physical Education - Choices
Definition
Responsible choices contribute to a healthy, active lifestyle
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are healthy and unhealthy choices.

Choices have results.

Choices lead to lifelong habits.

Understanding
Physical Education - Behaviors
Definition
Behaviors can affect self and others
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are appropriate and inappropriate behaviors.

Behaviors affect self.

Self-talk can affect the outcome of the situation.

 

Behavior influences others.

Behavior is contagious.

Understanding
Physical Education - Strategies
Definition
Developing successful strategies are important for accomplishing a desired goal/outcome.
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

There are a variety of strategies.

Strategies can impact success.

Strategies can transfer.

Understanding
Physical Education - Physical Activity
Definition
Regular participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity will help lead to lifelong health.
BeginnerIntermediateAdvanced

Physical activity is important for lifelong health.

There are various ways to incorporate physical activity in life.

Heart rate can be used to monitor and adjust level of exertion.

There are different types of activities.

Muscles allow movement.

Muscles have purposes that enable movement.

Fitness has multiple components.

The components of fitness can be incorporated into daily physical activities.

A balanced physical activity routine includes all components of fitness.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Elements of the arts
Definition
Understand that elements are foundational to the arts.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

The arts use a specific set of elements.

An artistic work is a combination of elements.

Use of elements can convey meaning in an artistic work.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Technique
Definition
Understand how specific techniques impact the process and product of artistic creation.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

The arts use specific skills and techniques.

Skills and techniques are improved through practice and affect the final outcome.

Skills and techniques can be modified to meet specific needs.

 

Skills and techniques increase in difficulty and complexity.

Skill and technique choices are justified by artistic purpose and intent.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Composition
Definition
Understand how various elements can be used to create an array of artistic works.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

Elements are put together to create an artistic work.

Combining elements through purposeful choice or chance changes the outcome.

Established artistic works can be dissected into component parts.

  

Interpretation can be influenced by purposeful choices in the composition.

Understanding
Fine Arts - Craftsmanship
Definition
Understand how quality and effort affect an artistic work.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

There are different levels of quality.

The amount of effort you put forth is going to affect the quality.

Self evaluation, practice, and collaborative relationships improve overall quality.

Quality can be improved.

  
Understanding
Fine Arts - Innovation
Definition
Understand art as a catalyst, reflection, and progression of changing thoughts and ideas.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

Art changes.

Art is changed by its environment.

Art changes society but society also changes art.

Art is a process.

Artists’ processes change.

Artists can make independent decisions that affect the outcome.

Art is different for everyone.

There are different means to an end.

 
Understanding
Fine Arts - Consumers in our Artistic World
Definition
Understand the influence and presence art has in their daily lives.
DevelopingProficientAdvanced

We are surrounded by art.

We are influenced by the art that surrounds us.

Art can inform, influence, and change people’s thoughts and ideas.

Art is a form of communication.

The audience and artist can view the purpose of art differently.

 

Art has many purposes.

  
Understanding
Math - Consumer Math
Definition
Critical consumers apply the value of number systems to make informed choices
Pre K-23-56-8

I am a consumer

I am a consumer within an economy

I am a critical consumer within an economy

Money is used to buy needs or wants

Money has different values and can be exchanged for goods and/or services

Factors such as interest and savings impact financial status

Money has different values and can be exchanged for goods and/or services

A budget is a strategy to manage money

Resources are finite and impact costs

Money is not unlimited

  
Understanding
Math - Environmental Understanding
Definition
The environment is understood and described through measurement and spatial relationships
Pre K-23-56-8

Measurements are used to describe surroundings

Measurements are used to describe our surroundings, make decisions, and/or solve problems

Complex measurements are evaluated and compared within our world

Shapes make-up our environment

Recognizing when different levels of precision are needed

Appropriate levels of precision are used to define our world

Time is relevant to situations

  
Understanding
Math - Patterns
Definition
Patterns exhibit relationships that are extended, described, and generalized
Pre K-23-56-8

Patterns repeat and are extended

Patterns are extended or diminished

Patterns are extended, diminished, or altered to determine unknowns

Patterns are found in many forms

Patterns help us solve new problems

Patterns are used to identify relationships

 

Patterns are generalized

Patterns are generalized

Understanding
Math - Relationships
Definition
Mathematical relationships are represented, compared, and communicated
Pre K-23-56-8

Relationships exist between two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships exist between two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships exist between two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships are a comparison of two or more objects and/or quantities

Relationships are a comparison of two or more objects and/or quantities expressing equality/ inequality

Relationships are a comparison of two or more objects and/or quantities expressing equality/ inequality

Relationships are communicated

Relationships exhibit unique characteristics that are communicated in a variety of ways

Relationships exhibit unique characteristics that are communicated in multiple ways

Understanding
Math - Uncertainty
Definition
Imperfect and unknown information lead to discovery and inquiry
Pre K-23-56-8

Predictions are made based on information

Outcomes are based on available or unknown information

Outcomes and alternatives are used to make informed decisions

Situations are fair or unfair

The likelihood of an event is quantified to determine fairness

The likelihood of multiple events is quantified to determine predictability

Data are collected and organized in order to draw conclusions

Multiple representations are used to expound on data

Multiple representations of data are used to analyze correlation

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